Insanity!? Shopping Trip to Costco by Bicycle
I Must Be Nuts shopping trip to Costco by bicycle -- Costco Yawata (コストコ八幡) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
iPhone 6+ + front camera — 1/30 sec, f/2.2, ISO 64 — map & image datanearby photos
I Must Be Nuts
shopping trip to Costco by bicycle

On a recent bicycle ride I was surprised to find myself passing the nearest Costco to Kyoto, about 25km (15mi) away. I was a member years ago, and mentally, it was a long way away, taking 45 minutes to drive there through traffic, with $15 of tolls along the way. Unfun. My driving geographic knowledge often never connects to my cycling geographic knowledge, so I'm surprised in this way often.

Anyway, I made a ride to Costco yesterday, explicitly to sign up for a membership and do some shopping. Manseki was going to be heading in the general direction, so we met up and rode with each other for the first while.

Meeting Up with Manseki he's the black smudge on the ramp at left -- 塩小路橋 -- Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/640 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Meeting Up with Manseki
he's the black smudge on the ramp at left
Heading South taken while riding at 27 kph (17 mph) -- Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/500 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Heading South
taken while riding at 27 kph (17 mph)
Photo Op with some of his cold-weather gear, before the warm weather comes -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 62mm — 1/500 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Photo Op
with some of his cold-weather gear, before the warm weather comes
Other Direction -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 37mm — 1/400 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Other Direction
photo by Manseki Kanemitsu -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Manseki Kanemitsu
SC-02H at an effective 21mm — 1/2900 sec, f/1.7, ISO 50 — map & image datanearby photos
photo by Manseki Kanemitsu

Not long after these photo ops, we went our separate ways, and I continued on for 15 more minutes to Costco.

As you can see in the shot above, I was wearing full cycling kit, which look really strange to those not accustomed to it, so to advertise that I was a cyclist (and hence explain the strange clothes), I kept my helmet on inside.

Inside looks like every other Costco on the planet.

Generic Costco -- Costco Yawata (コストコ八幡) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
iPhone 6+ — 1/30 sec, f/2.2, ISO 32 — map & image datanearby photos
Generic Costco
Same Evil Products -- Costco Yawata (コストコ八幡) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
iPhone 6+ — 1/15 sec, f/2.2, ISO 32 — map & image datanearby photos
Same Evil Products
Testing my Will Power -- Costco Yawata (コストコ八幡) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
map & image datanearby photos
Testing my Will Power
Wall of “ Happy Turn ” I never really paid attention to the name beyond “ Happy ” , but it turns out to mean “ turn back to happy times ” -- Costco Yawata (コストコ八幡) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
iPhone 6+ + front camera — 1/30 sec, f/2.2, ISO 64 — map & image datanearby photos
Wall of Happy Turn
I never really paid attention to the name beyond Happy, but
it turns out to mean turn back to happy times
I'd Get a Couple of These but I don't quite have enough space in my backpack -- Costco Yawata (コストコ八幡) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
iPhone 6+ — 1/15 sec, f/2.2, ISO 64 — map & image datanearby photos
I'd Get a Couple of These
but I don't quite have enough space in my backpack

Costco is both a blessing and a curse. If you need a 78-roll pack of toilet paper, it's great. If you don't need 78 rolls right this moment, it can be a curse because the low price in dollars (or yen) can blind you to the price in storage and logistics.

Shopping at Costco by bicycle means that I'm limited to what I can consume on site or carry home. I have to really think about each item. So no gazebo or fire pit for me today.

Some things can be consumed on site...

Standard Costco Cafe Hot dog and unlimited soad: $1.60 -- Costco Yawata (コストコ八幡) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/60 sec, f/1.7, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Standard Costco Cafe
Hot dog and unlimited soad: $1.60
I Know I'm Going To Regret This (it actually wasn't so bad... a few burps on the ride home, and that was it) -- Costco Yawata (コストコ八幡) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
iPhone 6+ — 1/60 sec, f/2.2, ISO 32 — map & image datanearby photos
I Know I'm Going To Regret This
(it actually wasn't so bad... a few burps on the ride home, and that was it)
My Purchases -- Costco Yawata (コストコ八幡) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
iPhone 6+ — 1/430 sec, f/2.2, ISO 32 — map & image datanearby photos
My Purchases

The main thing I wanted was the nuts, which I think is a better evening snack than more-junky things like popcorn and potato chips. (Omitting them altogether would be better still, but I'm mortal.)

I was surprised that I could fit ten of the big tubs of nuts into my backpack. 10! Each is 2,198 yen. I could get them delivered via Amazon Prime for 2,732 yen, meaning I'd save 534 yen each, or 5,340 yen ($47) just on this trip alone. That's more than enough to pay for the 4,400-yen yearly membership fee. Plus, I get a cycling ride out of it.

Unfortunately, I didn't quite save that much because I made a rookie Costco mistake: I didn't have quite enough cash. So I ended up having to leave one of the tubs of nuts at the register. Doh!

Ready To Return Home at 16.2kg (36lb), the backpack weights more than 2× the bike -- Costco Yawata (コストコ八幡) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/800 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Ready To Return Home
at 16.2kg (36lb), the backpack weights more than 2× the bike

Since I wasn't pressed for time, I wandered around a bit in the area...

Oddly-Named Horse A this nearby horse-riding school, the stalls are marked with the horse's name; the nearest one, according to the sign, is named “ Shoeing Station ” :-) -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 72mm — 1/125 sec, f/5, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Oddly-Named Horse
A this nearby horse-riding school, the stalls are marked with the horse's name;
the nearest one, according to the sign, is named Shoeing Station 🙂
Unique Building -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 46mm — 1/250 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Unique Building

This building (or whatever it is) is visible from the highway, and is near the Costco. For the last decade I'd wondered what it was, having vaguely assumed it was some sort of religious building, but it turns out (if Google Maps it to be believed) that it's related to the municipal waterworks (a pumping station, reserve tank, or the like). Interesting.

Apparently-Unused Path with a tree growing in the middle, at the top of a flight of steps -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/125 sec, f/4.5, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Apparently-Unused Path
with a tree growing in the middle, at the top of a flight of steps
Thankfully Not My Intended Route but a pleasant surprise while poking along a construction road -- Yawata, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 33mm — 1/125 sec, f/2.5, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Thankfully Not My Intended Route
but a pleasant surprise while poking along a construction road
Heading North to Kyoto along a cycling path that parallels the #2 Keihan Expressway -- Kyotanabe, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 58mm — 1/200 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Heading North to Kyoto
along a cycling path that parallels the #2 Keihan Expressway

The #2 Keihan Expressway connects southern Kyoto with Osaka in a fairly direct manner, and didn't exist 20 years ago. In fact, I wrote about the final parts of its construction nine years ago in A Kinki Drive: The No. 2 Keihan Expressway".

It's elevated for its entire 18-mile length, with a regular public-artery road built in parallel underneath that a bicycle can go on. A bicycle can also go on the minor parallel roads that flank the expressway/artery stack for much of the way, or the walking/cycling path that also parallels much of the way.

Looking Down from a Bridge on a cycling path I've taken many times that leads to Ide, Nara, and other points south -- Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/200 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Looking Down from a Bridge
on a cycling path I've taken many times
that leads to Ide, Nara, and other points south
Complex Intersection well, not really, at least not compared to what's coming up -- Kuse-gun -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/125 sec, f/5, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Complex Intersection
well, not really, at least not compared to what's coming up
Now This is a Complex Intersection the Kumiyama Junction (久御山JCT) -- Kumiyama Junction (久御山JCT) -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/125 sec, f/5, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Now This is a Complex Intersection
the Kumiyama Junction (久御山JCT)
Kumiyama Junction (久御山JCT) -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/125 sec, f/5, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Kumiyama Junction (久御山JCT) -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/160 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos

This rat's nest of bridges and tunnels is four unrelated layers of transportation:

  1. Old, very minor surface roads providing farmers access to their fields.
  2. Over them, Two new major city-connecting surface streets cross here.
  3. Cycling roads on both sides of the two surface streets connect in an elevated cycleway that allows transfer among any of the eight cycling roads without stopping or interacting with any motor-vehicle traffic.
  4. Floating above this all is a full all-direction interchange between two major expressways.

Just to keep things interesting, there's a river just north, and a creek just south.

The look in Google Earth is impressive:


View in Google Earth
Stuff Heading Off in One Direction -- Kumiyama Junction (久御山JCT) -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 75mm — 1/160 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Stuff Heading Off in One Direction
Little-Used Farmer Access Road -- Kumiyama Junction (久御山JCT) -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 25mm — 1/125 sec, f/5, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Little-Used Farmer Access Road
View From That Road -- Kumiyama Junction (久御山JCT) -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/125 sec, f/4.5, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
View From That Road
From a Distance -- Kuse-gun -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/160 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
From a Distance
Another Local-Access Road someone's taking a nap in the parked car -- Kumiyama Junction (久御山JCT) -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 32mm — 1/125 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Another Local-Access Road
someone's taking a nap in the parked car

It was fun to poke around this complex at my leisure. This part of the highway was completed perhaps 14 years ago. I actually mention it in my fifth-ever blog post 12 years ago.

When I was done, it was time to get back to the major trunk road, which at this point was at a level well above the surrounding ground:

Stairs+Ramp Up -- Kuse-gun -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 26mm — 1/200 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Stairs+Ramp Up

I rode up the ramp and encountered the biggest problem with the heavy backpack: it's side-to-side movement as I chugged up the super-steep ramp almost threw me off balance. It was a dicey 10 seconds.

Rice Harvest -- Kuse-gun -- Kuse-gun, Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 65mm — 1/125 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Rice Harvest
Long, Flat Bridge over the Uji-River flood plain -- Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/160 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Long, Flat Bridge
over the Uji-River flood plain
Reed Harvest? -- Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/250 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Reed Harvest?
Picturesque Bundles -- Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 75mm — 1/200 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Picturesque Bundles
Diving Into Kyoto City Proper -- Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 75mm — 1/125 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Diving Into Kyoto City Proper

While crossing the Uji-River flood plain, we have three lines of transportation all next to each other at the same level. In the center are two lanes in each direction for the expressway. These are flanked by two lanes in each direction for the Route One Bypass. This is all flanked on the outer edges by cycling paths. It feels quite odd when they're all parallel at the same level, but once across the river, only the expressway lanes remain elevated.

Seems Mundane in Comparison almost back to an area I know well -- 京都南大橋 -- Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 34mm — 1/200 sec, f/5.6, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Seems Mundane in Comparison
almost back to an area I know well
Last Step so to speak -- 京都南大橋 -- Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
Panasonic LX100 at an effective 24mm — 1/125 sec, f/4.5, ISO 200 — map & image datanearby photos
Last Step
so to speak

I'd ridden by on the road at the base of the steps many times, but had never even noticed that there were steps leading up to the bridge, or thought much about what the road above might be. It was gratifying to add a new piece to my geographical puzzle.

I rode down the steep ramp, only to be surprised at the center pause that the ramp didn't continue for the last step, so the dropoff was unexpected. At least I was less surprised when the same thing happened at the very bottom as well.

Anyway, I was now retracing the first few kilometers of the ride. Here's another photo from the Meeting Up with Manseki location, but five hours later:

塩小路橋 -- Kyoto, Japan -- Copyright 2017 Jeffrey Friedl, http://regex.info/blog/ -- This photo is licensed to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ (non-commercial use is freely allowed if proper attribution is given, including a link back to this page on http://regex.info/ when used online)
iPhone 6+ — 1/1100 sec, f/2.2, ISO 32 — map & image datanearby photos

I may have to head back soon, to pick up a gazebo or two.


All 3 comments so far, oldest first...

Time for a new bike! http://yubabikes.com/

— comment by Bill Anderso on February 24th, 2017 at 4:18am JST (4 months, 4 days ago) comment permalink

Costco hot dogs!

GET IN MAH BELLY!

— comment by Bill on February 24th, 2017 at 1:39pm JST (4 months, 4 days ago) comment permalink

Oyamazaki Junction looks even scarier to me.

What’s scary about that place is entering it by car. I’ve done it a few times, and was lucky to find my way out again, but it wasn’t assured. None of it existed 20 years ago (except the Meishin Expressway passing through without an exit), but the per-existing surface roads were more complex, so it must have been quite the feat to shoehorn everything in. Yeah, I should go check it out in detail. —Jeffrey

— comment by Rick H. on February 24th, 2017 at 4:42pm JST (4 months, 4 days ago) comment permalink
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